Salado are believed to have been a group of wayfaring Anasazi who
experienced moderate Mogollon influence and migrated into the Tonto
Basin/Roosevelt Lake/Globe, Arizona region.
Inhabiting the Tonto Basin in central
Arizona for the relatively short period between A.D. 1150 and around
A.D. 1450, the Salado culture was named for the Salt River (Rio Salado
in Spanish) that was central to their way of life. Considered a minor
culture by archeologists, the Salado culture's origins are still being
wave of Anasazi influence was accompanied by the adaptation of certain
northern black-on-white pottery types, such as Tularosa
Black-on-White. The new type, Roosevelt Black-on- White, has all of
the decorative elements of the Tularosa style, but differs in physical
characteristics. The second wave saw the dissemination of polychrome
pottery types such as Wingate and St. Johns. These evolved locally
into Gila, Tonto and Pinto polychromes. These latter pottery types
fall into the category of Roosevelt Red Ware.